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Reformation to Restoration

by Christine Egbert

The next time someone insinuates that your Sabbath-observing, Feast-of-Yahweh-keeping walk of faith is out of step with mainstream Christianity—and therefore heretical—remind them of the Protestant Reformation.

How It Began

After 1,517 years under Roman Catholic Church rule, in 1517, a priest named Martin Luther nailed his theses to a door of All Saints Church in Wittenberg, Saxony giving birth to the Protestant Reformation. But Men of conviction, like Jan Huss and John Wycliffe, had placed their lives on the altar long before Martin Luther in 1517. Huss and Wycliff were also “out of step” with what had been mainstream Christianity for some 1,500 years. Yet no Christian today, except perhaps a Roman Catholic, would suggest that they were wrong to rail against doctrines and manmade traditions that do not come from Scripture. Today, the God of Israel is calling His chosen and grafted in ones, not to reform but restore the faith that Jesus (Yeshua) once delivered to the saints.

Repent! Turn back so that your sins can be blotted out, so that times of refreshing from the LORD (Yahweh) may come. Then will He send the proclaimed One, Jesus Christ (Yeshua Messiah), who must remain in Heaven until the time of restoration of all things spoken of by God from ages past through His holy prophets. Acts 3:19-21

As we contend for the faith that was once delivered to the saints (Jude 1:3), let us not forget the great cloud of witnesses that have gone before us. Many of them were seventh-day Sabbath keepers.

In the late 1800s, Dr. Samuel Kohn, the chief Rabbi of Budapest, Hungry, documented their existence. T. McElwain and B. Rook documented Dr. Kohn’s work in their book titled, Sabbatarians in Transylvania, Christian Churches of God, published in Australia in 1998. Here is an excerpt from pages 10-11:

“Already around the year 1530 Sabbatarians emerged in Bohemia… (they) also arose, soon thereafter in Silesia, Poland, and Russia…where they were frequently confused with the Jews in the second half of this century and remain until today. We meet similar sects around 1545 among the Quakers in England. Several leaders and preachers of the Puritans, imbued with the Old Testament spirit, likewise raised the issue of reinstating the day of rest from Sunday to Saturday…”

Stephen Mumford

In England, Stephen Mumford and his family had attended the Bell Lane Church of God (7th Day Sabbath keepers), but without like-minded believers with which to fellowship in New Port, Rhode Island, these Pilgrims attended the First Baptist Church … on Sundays. But each Saturday, at home, they kept the Sabbath. Over time, having shared their convictions with members of this Sunday church, five Baptist believers along with the Mumfords established the first official 7th Day Sabbath-keeping congregation in the colonies on December 23, 1671.

By 1691, they’d gained a total of 40 members, which generated new congregations. The first was in Hopkinton, then later in Piscataway and Shrewsbury, New Jersey. And by the late 1700s, the congregation in Hopkinton had grown to nearly 1,000 Sabbath-keeping members.

The Reformers and Christmas

The December 23, 1966 issue of US News and World Report ran an article about Christmas. Here is an excerpt: “…the earliest Christians simply weren’t interested in celebrating the Nativity…They ‘viewed birthday celebrations as heathen’. The third-century church father Origen [a Catholic] had declared it a sin to even think of keeping Christ’s birthday ‘as though he were a king, a pharaoh’.”

The Catholic Encyclopedia published in 1913 AD writes: “…Origen, glancing perhaps at the discreditable imperial Natalitia, asserts (in Lev. Hom. viii in Migne, P.G., XII, 495) that in the Scriptures sinners alone, not saints, celebrate their birthday; Arnobius (VII, 32 in P.L., V, 1264)

The Scottish Church/Christmas and Easter

In Knox, Works, Vol. vi, pp. 547-48:
The position of the Scottish Church was reaffirmed in 1566. Theodore Beza wrote to Knox, requesting Scottish approval for the Second Helvetic Confession (1566). The General Assembly in Scotland replied with a letter of general approval. Nevertheless, the Assembly could scarcely refrain from mentioning, with regard to what is written in the 24th chapter of the aforesaid Confession concerning the “festival of our Lord’s nativity, … passion, resurrection, ascension, …that these festivals at the present time obtain no place among us; for we dare not religiously celebrate any other feast-day than what the divine oracles prescribed.”

Then there is this from John Knox’s History of the Reformers: “That God’s word damns your ceremonies, it is evident; for the plain and straight commandment of God is, “Not that thing which appears good in thy eyes, shalt thou do to the Lord thy God, but what the Lord thy God has commanded thee, that do thou: add nothing to it; diminish nothing from it” Now unless that ye are able to prove that God has commanded your ceremonies, this his former commandment will damn both you and them.” in Scotland (Ed. by William Croft Dickinson; New York: Philosophical Library, 1950), Vol. 1, p. 91

Christmas and Easter Banned by the Church of Scotland

David Calderwood [1575-1650], representing the Scottish ministries, asserted in reference to Christmas and Easter: “The Judaical days had once that honor, as to be appointed by God Himself; but the anniversary days appointed by men have not like honor. This opinion of Christ’s nativity on the 25th day of December was bred at Rome.”

David Calderwood goes on: “Nay, let us utter the truth, December-Christmas is a just imitation of the December-Saturnalia of the ethnic [heathen] Romans, and so used as if Bacchus [another name for the sun god], and not Christ, were the God of Christians.”

In 1647, the Puritans, who had recently gained power in the English Parliament, abolished Christmas and Easter. Here is an excerpt from that piece of legislation:

“For as much as the feast of the nativity of Christ, Easter, and other festivals, commonly called holy days, have been here-to-fore superstitiously used and observed; be it ordained that the said feasts, and all other festivals commonly called holy days be no longer observed as festivals.”

What Happened in America?

In America, the Puritan movement also prevailed. In 1896, Puritan professor of history at Princeton Seminary, Samuel Miller, wrote “the Scriptures were the only infallible rule of faith and practice, and no rite or ceremony ought to have a place in the public worship of God, which is not warranted in Scripture. Not only does the celebration of non-biblical holidays lack a scriptural foundation, but the scriptures positively discount it.” [Miller, pgs. 65, 74]

The famous Charles Spurgeon, in a sermon preached on December 24th, 1871, declared:

“We have no superstitious regard for times and seasons. Certainly, we do not believe in the present ecclesiastical arrangement called Christmas: first, because we do not believe in the mass at all, but abhor it, whether it be said or sung in Latin or English; and secondly, because we find no scriptural warrant whatever for observing any day as the birthday of the Savior; and, consequently, it’s observance is a superstition, because not of divine authority.” [C. H. Spurgeon, Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit, 1871, pg. 697]

Here is an interesting excerpt from a book published in 1973, titled Presbyterians in the South.

“There was no recognition of either Christmas or Easter in any of the Protestant churches, except the Episcopal and Lutheran. For a full generation after the Civil War, the religious journals of the South mentioned Christmas only to observe that there was no reason to believe that Jesus was actually born on December 25th; it was not recognized as a day of any religious significance in the Presbyterian Church” (Ernest Trice Thompson, Presbyterians In the South, 1973, Vol. 2, pg. 434)

These are only a few of the stories but history is littered with them. “Ours” is not a new movement of God. The LORD (Yahweh) has always maintained a remnant. So let us not grow weary of contending for the faith that was once delivered to the Saints. Remember always that Jesus Christ (Yeshua Messiah), as stated in Acts 3, must remain in Heaven until the time of restoration of all things.

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